[c-nsp] 3550-12 interrupts out of control, possibly hardware?

Tóth András diosbejgli at gmail.com
Thu Aug 16 19:06:45 EDT 2012

Hi Andy,

The only thing which comes to my mind when you mention vlan 1 is that
by default it is untagged. Therefore you might have some misconfig or
miscabling or not having routing enabled, something similar which
causes traffic from or to a routed port to arrive untagged which is
interpreted as vlan 1 traffic by the other side. Perhaps the switch is
not running IP Routing properly as you say.

Having high CPU usage is strange, that suggests either a L2 loop or
software switching most often, latter can be caused by lack of
resources with incorrect SDM template.

There would be some additional details needed to better understand,
exact topolgy diagram, config of devices, etc. 12.2(44)SE6 is the
latest for 3550 though. Have you seen anything strange in logs during
the issue?

Best regards,

On Fri, Aug 17, 2012 at 12:23 AM, Andy Dills <andy at xecu.net> wrote:
> Thanks, I appreciate those suggestions. I verified both the SDM and VTP
> configs are identical.
> Did you see my followup from earlier? I identified that for some reason
> unknown to me, the traffic was hitting the vlan1 interface before exiting
> via the L3 interface facing that network, which was forcing all of the
> traffic to get process switched. I have no idea why, though, and would
> love suggestions.
> My best guess is that because they configured the port for L3 mode before
> they enabled ip routing on the failover 3550-12, something didn't happen
> right and perhaps a reload would have fixed it. I do know that in the past
> when I have done "ip routing" on a live 3550, it goes unresponsive for
> about 10-15 seconds, so I have to assume a lot goes on behind the scenes.
> And I do know from the transcript of their changes that they configured
> the port for L3 mode before realizing ip routing had never been enabled on
> that switch. Given the "illogical" (in quotes because perhaps there
> is some logic that is escaping me) nature of the behavior observed, I have
> to assume it was some sort of quirk of bug like this. For what it's worth,
> they're both running c3550-ipservices-mz.122-44.SE6.
> Thanks,
> Andy
> On Fri, 17 Aug 2012, Tóth András wrote:
>> Hi Andy,
>> One idea is different SDM templates being used. The SDM template is
>> not showing up in running-config, and changing it requires a reload as
>> well. I would compare them with 'sh sdm prefer' command. You might be
>> running out of IPv4 routes, which causes rest of routes to be applied
>> in software, so packets are software switched by the CPU which can
>> cause high utilization.
>> http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/hw/switches/ps646/products_tech_note09186a0080094bc6.shtml
>> http://www.cisco.com/en/US/docs/switches/lan/catalyst3550/software/release/12.2_44_se/configuration/guide/swadmin.html#wp1235565
>> Best regards,
>> Andras
>> On Thu, Aug 16, 2012 at 6:36 PM, Andy Dills <andy at xecu.net> wrote:
>> >
>> > I've got a customer with a weird situation.
>> >
>> > They have a pretty straightforward setup, two 7200s fronting two cisco
>> > 3550-12s, distributing to a series of 48 port 3550s. It's a bit dated, but
>> > works very well for their needs.
>> >
>> > They have one special network attached to (only) one of the copper gige
>> > ports on (one of) the 3550-12s which gets a decent amount of traffic
>> > (~100mbps or so). It's a layer 3 connection.
>> >
>> > Well, one of their 3550-12s died, taking down that network. They moved the
>> > IP configuration of the port and moved the cable immediately, restoring
>> > service, and racked/configured a replacement switch, but left that network
>> > on the second 3550-12, as it seemed fine.
>> >
>> > However, once it began to come under load this morning, the CPU pegged
>> > (80-99%, normally at 1-2%), causing packet drops and latency.
>> >
>> > At that point I got involved, and for the life of me I can't figure out
>> > why this happened. Clearly it's interrupts, as there were no processes in
>> > the "sh proc cpu" that had more than 1% of CPU. However, cef was working
>> > fine, everything looked normal in terms of the traditional interrupt-based
>> > troubleshooting.
>> >
>> > So, after scratching our heads for a bit, I had them move the connection
>> > back to the original, newly-replaced switch. Note that these switches are
>> > configured 100% identically with the exception of IP address and hostname.
>> > Same IOS versions. I mean literally, if you diff the two in rancid, those
>> > are the only config changes.
>> >
>> > Zero problems from the point they moved the connection off of the switch
>> > in question, both switches now have 1-2% CPU and things are humming along
>> > fine.
>> >
>> > So, my question is: What could be the possible causes of this? Could this
>> > be a symptom of failing hardware, perhaps some bad memory requiring
>> > constant CPU corrections?
>> >
>> > Thanks,
>> > Andy
>> >
>> > ---
>> > Andy Dills
>> > Xecunet, Inc.
>> > www.xecu.net
>> > 301-682-9972
>> > ---
>> > _______________________________________________
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> ---
> Andy Dills
> Xecunet, Inc.
> www.xecu.net
> 301-682-9972
> ---

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