[c-nsp] OSPF OOB Resync and peer stuck in EXSTART (SeqNumberMismatch)

John Neiberger jneiberger at gmail.com
Sat Feb 9 10:26:06 EST 2013

It's a new-ish Checkpoint firewall, but I have no idea what code it is
running. I was sent a snippet of their logs and I see a lot of the

OSPF LSA: different instance of lsa on retranmission list received: type
OSPF LSA: different instance of lsa on retranmission list received: type

I verified the the firewall *is* setting the LR-bit indicating that it is
capable of OOB Resync. The RFC says that if the LR-bit is set in the hello
messages, DBD packets should have the R-bit set during an OOB Resync. If
those DBD packets do not have the R-bit set, the receiving device is
supposed to drop them and log a sequence number mismatch. I suspect that is
what happened here. It looks like "something" is causing their database to
become unsynchronized and the firewall triggers an OOB Resync but then
doesn't set the R-bit in the DBD packets. I'm not exactly sure, though.
That's just what I'm thinking, so far.

On Sat, Feb 9, 2013 at 3:25 AM, Phil Mayers <p.mayers at imperial.ac.uk> wrote:

> On 02/09/2013 05:05 AM, John Neiberger wrote:
>  1. What triggered the OOB resync in the first place?
> I assume there is nothing in the logs for the device, or adjacent devices,
> at the time?
>  2. If the firewall isn't capable of doing OOB resync, why would it send
>> DBD
>> packets with the R-bit set? (Perhaps it is capable and just wasn't
>> previously setting the LR-bit in hello messages)
> You didn't specify the model of the firewall and it's software version, so
> it's difficult to say.
> ______________________________**_________________
> cisco-nsp mailing list  cisco-nsp at puck.nether.net
> https://puck.nether.net/**mailman/listinfo/cisco-nsp<https://puck.nether.net/mailman/listinfo/cisco-nsp>
> archive at http://puck.nether.net/**pipermail/cisco-nsp/<http://puck.nether.net/pipermail/cisco-nsp/>

More information about the cisco-nsp mailing list